The following players have attended disciplinary hearings or received Citing Commissioner or High Tackle Warnings at the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 in France.

Federico Lavanini (Argentina)

Argentina replacement Federico Lavanini appeared before independent Judicial Officer Charles Cuthbert (UAE) in Perpignan on 1 June, 2018 having been cited by Citing Commissioner Patrice Frantschi (France) for charging England flanker Edward Hill in breach of Law 9.16 in the 62nd minute of their Pool B match at the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 on 30 May, 2018 in Narbonne.

Lavanini accepted that he had committed an act of foul play but disputed that the Citing Commissioner was correct to determine that it warranted an ordering off. Having received evidence from Lavanini, referee Seán Gallagher, a medical report and a statement from Hill as well as reviewing the video footage and hearing submissions from Lavanini’s lawyer Aaron Lloyd, the Judicial Officer determined that Lavanini had led with his shoulder and struck Hill’s head.

The Judicial Officer upheld the citing which he considered to be mid-range offending which carries a six-week entry point. He reduced the sanction to three weeks based on Lavanini’s youth and inexperience, previously clean record, conduct and acceptance that he had committed foul play. During the tournament three weeks equates to three matches. Lavanini is free to play again in Argentina’s final match of the World Rugby U20 Championship on 17 June, 2018.

The player has 48 hours in which to appeal.

The full written decision will be published here when available.

Sam Lewis (England)

England second-row Sam Lewis appeared before an independent Disciplinary Committee (Charles Cuthbert (UAE) chair, former Scotland player Beth Dickens and former Scotland and Edinburgh coach Frank Hadden) in Perpignan on 5 June, 2018 having been ordered off by referee Daniel Jones (Wales) for a late, dangerous tackle on Italy winger Tommaso Coppo in breach of Law 9.13 in the 75th minute of their Pool B match at the World Rugby U20 Championship on 3 June, 2018 in Perpignan.

Lewis accepted that he had committed an act of foul play but disputed that the referee was correct to determine that it warranted an ordering off. Having received evidence from Lewis, the referee, a medical report and a statement from Coppo as well as reviewing the video footage and hearing submissions on behalf of the player, the Disciplinary Committee determined that Lewis had struck Coppo’s head and that the referee was correct to order him off.

The Committee considered this to be mid-range offending which carries a six-week entry point. They reduced the sanction to three weeks based on Lewis’s youth and inexperience, previously clean record, conduct, remorse and acceptance that he had committed foul play. During the tournament three weeks equates to three matches. Lewis is suspended for England’s remaining three matches in the World Rugby U20 Championship.

The player has 48 hours in which to appeal.

The full written decision will be published here when available.

Tanielu Tele'a (New Zealand) 

New Zealand centre Tanielu Tele’a appeared before an independent Disciplinary Committee (Charles Cuthbert (UAE) chair, former Scotland player Beth Dickens and former Scotland and Edinburgh coach Frank Hadden) in Perpignan on 5 June, 2018 having been cited by Citing Commissioner Eugene Ryan (Ireland) for a late, dangerous tackle and/or strike on Wales centre Ioan Nicholas in breach of Laws 9.11-9.13 in the 81st minute of their Pool A match at the World Rugby U20 Championship on 3 June ,2018 in Béziers.

Tele’a accepted that he had committed an act of foul play but disputed that the Citing Commissioner was correct to determine that it warranted an ordering off. Having received evidence from Tele’a, referee Ludovic Cayre (France), a medical report and a statement from Nicholas as well as reviewing the video footage and hearing submissions on behalf of the player, the Disciplinary Committee determined that Tele’a had led with his shoulder and recklessly struck Nicholas’s head.

The Committee upheld the citing under Law 9.12 and considered it to be mid-range offending which carries a six-week entry point. They reduced the sanction to three weeks based on Tele’a’s youth and inexperience, previously clean record, conduct, remorse and acceptance that he had committed foul play. During the tournament three weeks equates to three matches. Tele’a is suspended for New Zealand’s remaining three matches in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018.

The player has 48 hours in which to appeal.

The full written decision will be published here when available.

Laurence Tominiko (Australia)

Australia replacement Laurence Tominiko appeared before an independent Disciplinary Committee (Charles Cuthbert (UAE) chair, former Scotland player Beth Dickens and former Scotland and Edinburgh coach Frank Hadden) in Perpignan on 5 June, 2018 having been cited by Citing Commissioner John Byett (England) for a late, dangerous tackle on Japan wing Yu Saruta in breach of Law 9.13 in the 76th minute of their Pool A match at the World Rugby U20 Championship on 3 June, 2018  in Narbonne. 

Tominiko accepted that he had committed an act of foul play but disputed that the Citing Commissioner was correct to determine that it warranted an ordering off. Having received evidence from Tominiko, referee Jamie Nutbrown, a medical report and a statement from Saruta as well as reviewing the video footage and hearing submissions on behalf of the player, the Disciplinary Committee determined that Tominiko had struck Saruta’s head. 

The Committee upheld the citing and considered it to be mid-range offending which carries a six-week entry point. They reduced the sanction to three weeks based on Tominiko’s youth and inexperience, previously clean record, conduct, remorse and acceptance that he had committed foul play. During the tournament three weeks equates to three matches. Tominiko is suspended for Australia’s remaining three matches in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018. 

The player has 48 hours in which to appeal. 

The full written decision will be published here when available.

Jacopo Bianchi (Italy)

Italy back-row Jacopo Bianchi appeared before independent Judicial Committee (Jennifer Donovan (Ireland), chair, former England player Becky Essex and former referee Donal Courtney (Ireland)) in Perpignan on 9 June, 2018 having been cited by Citing Commissioner Patrice Frantschi (France) for a dangerous (high) tackle in breach of Law 9.13 in their Pool B match at the World Rugby U20 Championship against Argentina on 7 June, 2018 in Beziers.

Having received evidence from the player along with his representatives as well as reviewing the video footage, citing commissioner’s report and referee’s report, the Judicial Officer determined that Bianchi had recklessly struck the opposition player’s head and so upheld the citing. Bearing in mind World Rugby’s zero-tolerance approach to contact with the head, the Sanction Table mandates a minimum mid-range sanction which carries a six-week entry point. The Judicial Officer reduced the sanction to five weeks. The maximum permitted mitigation of 50 per cent was not granted because the player does not have a clean disciplinary record and contested the citing. The player will be suspended for the remainder of the World Rugby U20 Championship and the balance of his suspension will be served in domestic rugby competitions.

The player has 48 hours in which to appeal.

The full written decision will be published here when available.

Michael Wood (Australia)

Australia second-row Michael Wood appeared before independent Judicial Committee Antony Davies (England), chair, former Romanian referee Valeriu Toma and former Scotland player Beth Dickens in Perpignan on 14 June, 2018 having received a red card for a breach of Law 9.13 (kicking) in their match against Italy on 12 June, 2018 in Narbonne.

Having received evidence from the player along with his representatives as well as reviewing the video footage and referee’s report, the Committee determined that Wood had not intentionally kicked the opposition player but that he recklessly made contact with opposition player’s head while trying to kick the ball. Bearing in mind World Rugby’s zero-tolerance approach to contact with the head, the Sanction Table mandates a minimum mid-range sanction which carries an eight-week entry point. The Committee reduced the sanction to five weeks taking into account mitigating factors including the player’s clean disciplinary record.

The player will be suspended for the remainder of the World Rugby U20 Championship and the balance of his suspension will be served in domestic rugby competitions. He will be free to play again on 17 July, 2018. 

The player has 48 hours in which to appeal.

The full written decision will be published here when available.

Sandro Mamamtavrishvili (Georgia)

Georgia flanker Sandro Mamamtavrishvili accumulated three yellow cards during the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 and therefore had to attend a disciplinary hearing because of the repeated foul play. Mamamtavrishvili appeared before Judicial Officer Mike Hamlin (England and independent Chairman of European Professional Club Rugby Disciplinary Panel) in Perpignan on 14 June, 2018.

Having heard from the player and reviewed the footage and match officials’ reports of the incidents, the Judicial Officer suspended the player for one week (which was reduced from an entry point of two weeks because of mitigating factors including the player’s clean disciplinary record). A week equates to one match in the context of the tournament and therefore Mamamtavrishvili will miss Georgia’s final match of the tournament against Scotland on 17 June, 2018.

The player has 48 hours in which to appeal.

The full written decision will be published here when available.

Tiaan van der Merwe (South Africa)

South Africa hooker Tiaan van der Merwe appeared before an independent Disciplinary Committee (Jean-Noël Couraud (France), chair, former Scotland player Beth Dickens and former Wales player Jamie Corsi) in Perpignan on 16 June, 2018 having been cited by Citing Commissioner John Montgomery (Scotland) for verbal abuse in breach of Law 9.12 in the 50th minute of their World Rugby U20 Championship semi-final against England on 12 June, 2018 in Narbonne.

Van der Merwe accepted that he had verbally abused an opponent in breach of Law 9.12. The Committee received evidence from the player, the match referee Daniel Jones (Wales) and England players as well as listening to the referee microphone audio and hearing submissions from the player’s counsel Adrian Montzinger. The Committee found that the player had verbally abused an opponent (without any racial element) and determined that this was mid-range offending which carries a 12-week entry point. There were no aggravating factors and mitigating factors including the player’s early acceptance of his conduct which permitted the maximum discount of 50 per cent, resulting in a six-week sanction.

The player is suspended for the third place match at the World Rugby U20 Championship on 17 June, 2018 and his next five effective weeks of rugby on his return to South Africa. Based on his match schedule he is free to play again on 20 August. 

The player has 48 hours in which to appeal.

The full written decision will be published here when available.

Citing Commissioner Warnings

Mayco Vivas (Argentina) 

Argentina prop Mayco Vivas has been issued with a Citing Commissioner Warning by Patrice Frantschi (France) for charging England flanker Edward Hill in breach of Law 9.16 in the 32nd minute of their Pool B match at the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 on 30 May, 2018 in Narbonne. The Citing Commissioner Warning forms part of Vivas’ disciplinary record for the tournament.

Jay Renton (New Zealand)

New Zealand replacement Jay Renton was issued a Citing Commissioner Warning by Citing Commissioner Eugene Ryan (Ireland) for stamping in breach of Law 9.12 in the 58th minute of their World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 semi-final against France on 12 June, 2018 in Perpignan. The Citing Commissioner Warning forms part of Renton’s disciplinary record for the tournament.

Tengiz Gigolashvili (Georgia)

Georgia flanker Tengiz Gigolashvili was issued a Citing Commissioner Warning by Citing Commissioner Francesco Grillo (Italy) for striking in breach of Law 9.12 in the 14th minute of their World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 match against Scotland on 17 June, 2018 in Béziers. The Citing Commissioner Warning forms part of Gigolashvili’s disciplinary record for the tournament.

High Tackle Warnings

Kyohei Yamasawa (Japan)

Japan full-back Kyohei Yamasawa has been issued with a High Tackle Warning by Citing Commissioner Patrice Frantschi (France) under the high tackle trial operating in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 for an upright high tackle against New Zealand scrum-half Xavier Roe in the fourth minute of their Pool A match in Narbonne. A second High Tackle Warning in the tournament will result in a one-match suspension for Yamasawa while the warning also forms part of his disciplinary record for the tournament.

Ibrahim Diallo (France)

France flanker Ibrahim Diallo has been issued with a High Tackle Warning by Citing Commissioner Eugene Ryan (Ireland) under the high tackle trial operating in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 for an upright high tackle in the 11th minute of their Pool C match against Georgia on 3 June, 2018. A second High Tackle Warning in the tournament will result in a one-match suspension for Diallo while the warning also forms part of his disciplinary record for the tournament.

Tommaso Coppo (Italy) 

Italy winger Tommaso Coppo has been issued with a High Tackle Warning by Citing Commissioner Patrice Frantschi (France) under the high tackle trial operating in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 for an upright high tackle in the 53rd minute of their Pool B match against England on 3 June, 2018.  A second High Tackle Warning in the tournament will result in a one-match suspension for Coppo while the warning also forms part of his disciplinary record for the tournament.

Tyrone Green (South Africa)

South Africa wing Tyrone Green has been issued with a High Tackle Warning by Citing Commissioner John Byett (England) under the high tackle trial operating in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 for an upright high tackle in the 12th minute of their Pool C match against Ireland on 3 June, 2018.  A second High Tackle Warning in the tournament will result in a one-match suspension for Green while the warning also forms part of his disciplinary record for the tournament.

Sam Lewis (England)

England second-row Sam Lewis has been issued with a High Tackle Warning by Citing Commissioner Patrice Frantschi (France) under the high tackle trial operating in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 for an upright high tackle in the 75th minute of their Pool B match against Italy, for which he was also ordered off. As the incident will be the subject of an ordering off hearing the High Tackle Warning will form part of his disciplinary record for the tournament if no sanction is imposed by the Disciplinary Committee as a result of the red card, to ensure he is not sanctioned twice for the same offence.

Hamish Stewart (Australia)

Australia fly-half Hamish Stewart has been issued with a High Tackle Warning by Citing Commissioner Eugene Ryan (Ireland) under the high tackle trial operating in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 for an upright high tackle 10 minutes from full-time in their Pool A match against New Zealand on 7 June, 2018 in Perpignan. A second High Tackle Warning in the tournament will result in a one-match suspension for Stewart while the warning also forms part of his disciplinary record for the tournament.

Zak Burger (South Africa)

South Africa scrum-half Zak Burger has been issued with a High Tackle Warning by Citing Commissioner John Byett (England) under the high tackle trial operating in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 for an upright high tackle six minutes into their match against France on 7 June, 2018 in Narbonne. A second High Tackle Warning in the tournament will result in a one-match suspension for Burger while the warning also forms part of his disciplinary record for the tournament.

Sazi Sandi (South Africa)

South Africa prop Sazi Sandi has been issued with a High Tackle Warning by Citing Commissioner John Montgomery (Scotland) under the high tackle trial operating in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 for an upright high tackle in the 13th minute of the semi-final against England on 12 June, 2018 in Narbonne. A second High Tackle Warning in the tournament will result in a one-match suspension for Sandi while the warning also forms part of his disciplinary record for the tournament.

Cai Evans (Wales)

Wales fly-half Cai Evans has been issued with a High Tackle Warning by Citing Commissioner John Montgomery (Scotland) under the high tackle trial operating in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 for an upright high tackle in the 81st minute of the match against Argentina on 12 June, 2018 in Narbonne. A second High Tackle Warning in the tournament will result in a one-match suspension for Evans while the warning also forms part of his disciplinary record for the tournament.

Callum McLelland (Scotland)

Scotland fly-half Callum McLelland has been issued with a High Tackle Warning by Citing Commissioner Francesco Grillo (Italy) under the high tackle trial operating in the World Rugby U20 Championship 2018 for an upright high tackle in the 19th minute of the match against Ireland on 12 June, 2018 in Perpignan. A second High Tackle Warning in the tournament will result in a one-match suspension for McLelland while the warning also forms part of his disciplinary record for the tournament.